Central Asia
Ibexes on th territory of hunting area 'Chakir-Corum-Trophy' in Kyrgyzstan. Spruce forest near the Issik-Kul Lake. Leskhoz Jety-Oguz.
Sustainable management of natural resources in Gorno-Badakhshan


Partners: State Forest Agency of Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region, until 12/2011: Retailer Cooperative “Zindagi” and MFO "Madina va Hamkoron"

Project start: 2008

Retailer Cooperative “Zindagi”


An excessive use of riparian forests in the valleys and teresken bushes in the high plains takes place in Gorno-Badakhshan (GBAO), located in the Eastern part of Tajikistan as forest resources and teresken are used as the main fuel for heating and cooking.

The project aims to improve living conditions of the living population through the sustainable management of natural resources and until the end of 2011 through the dissemination of energy efficient technologies in the region and beyond. In addition the project supports activities aimed to raise the awareness in the field of sustainable use of natural resources.

1) Joint Forest management (JFM): In cooperation with the project “Sustainable rehabilitation of riparian forests in Gorno-Badakhshan” financed by the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety, JFM was introduced in several districts of Gorno-Badakhshan, which involves the local population in the management of the forest resources. Besides this, the State Forest Agency of GBAO is supported in developing capacities for the effective implementation of the system.

Currently the JFM approach is being implemented in more than 30 villages of the Pamirs. The total forest area leased to local forest users amounts to about 2000 hectares. These areas belong to the State Forest Agency of GBAO, which is supported by the project and provides long term lease contracts to local forest users. Ownership over the forest plot, the contractual obligation towards the state forest agency to use the plot sustainably and income generated by the sale of forest products produced in the restored areas promotes the rehabilitation and improvement of forest resources in the region. The State Forest Agency on the other hand, having limited resources, knows its forests protected and also receives a share of the sold forest products. Only jointly with the local inhabitants it is possible to recover the riparian forests of the Pamirs.

In the beginning of 2011 20 hectares of deserted former forest plots in Vuzh village were leased to local forest users on a long term basis within the pilot project “Savings Book Approach”. There were more than 5000 trees seedlings planted in these highly degraded areas. The area was fenced as well. Financial support is provided to the forest users in order motivate them during the period until they will receive the first revenues out of their plot.

In cooperation with the State Forest Agency of GBAO fuel wood is supplied to Murgab from forest plots in the Western part of the Pamirs. This way the population will use less teresken for heating and forest users will receive income from the sale of the harvested fuel wood.

For further information:

Joint Forest Management

Combating Desertification in the Pamirs

Green Growth

Savings Book Approach

Analysis of the Forestry Sector in Tajikistan

2) Innovative Technologies (until the end of July 2011): Different technologies have been developed, adapted to the local conditions and standardized for further production, in order to reduce the consumption of natural resources for heating and cooking purposes as well as to support the efficient use of water resources on household level.

Those technologies include thermal insulation of private houses, improved cooking stoves, heating devices, solar water heaters as well as different kinds of pumps.

In cooperation with the GIZ Program “Framework and Finance Private Sector Development in Tajikistan” the conditions for processing qualitative innovative products were improved through the establishment of the craftsmen cooperative “Zindagi”, which supplies the members with quality material that they use to produce the above-mentioned products. The cooperative is an independent business entity, which receives further support from the GIZ Program “Framework and Finance for Private Sector Development in Tajikistan” in terms of business and technical consulting.

The microfinance product “Warm Comfort” has been jointly developed with the GIZ project “Support for microfinance service in rural regions of Tajikistan” and contributes to the wide dissemination of thermal insulation of houses in the region. Currently about 450 houses have been insulated in Gorno-Badakhshan, including Murgab – the coldest region of Tajikistan. Microloans for insulation in Gorno-Badakhshan are provided by the local microloan organizations “Madina ya Hamkoron” and “Ishkoshim” and in the Khatlon region by “Haqiq”.

For further information:

Retailers Cooperative “Zindagi”

Warm Comfort: Microloans for Thermal Insulation

Microloans for Thermal Insulation

The project is part of the GIZ Regional Development Approach on Green Economy in GBAO. The approach unites the efforts of different GIZ projects in the fields of economic development, natural resource management, vocational education and cross-border trade to create better living conditions for humans while minimizing environmental risks and ecological scarcity.

For further information:

Green Economy in GBAO