Partners: Global Environment Facility, UNDP, Ministry for Nature Protection of Turkmenistan
Project duration: 2007-2010
In Turkmenistan, out-of-date irrigation systems and the lack of investment incentives for farmers have had disastrous consequences: Most of the rangelands are overgrazed and degraded, much arable land has become saline, and forested areas have partially been cut down.
The project was working in three different pilot areas and developed sustainable approaches for land management from 2007 to 2010:
- Karakum Desert: As the local population has cut the saxaul shrubs in order to get fuel for heating and cooking, sand dunes in the Karakum Desert are threatening the settlements and the infrastructure. In order to protect them from the sand, the project supported the local population in afforestation.
- Nokhur district: The lack of water and the overgrazing of rangelands are key problems in the Kopet Dag mountain range, and they are closely intertwined. In order to give incentives to the local population to reduce their livestock numbers, the project supported two communities in developing horticulture. For this purpose, among others wells were drilled and water collection tanks are built.
- Mary Oasis: After decades of irrigation agriculture, the soil in the Mary Oasis has become saline and lost much of its productivity. The project was active in rehabilitating saline land, in establishing a water management system and in developing a rural extension service.