Contact person:

Ms. Edith Koshkin
Country Coordinatorm (Kyrgyzstan)
tel.: +996 312 90 93 40

Spring monitoring of fanced plot Kekelik in Bazar-Korgon rayon of Kyrgyzstan. Community-based planning of pasture use in Kenesh ayil okmotu of Bazar-Korgon rayon.
Sustainable pasture management in Kyrgyzstan

Partners: NGO «САМР Alatoo», Pasture Department of the Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation of the Kyrgyz Republic

Project period: 2016-2017

With more than half of the country's population engaged in it, livestock represents one of the leading sectors of Kyrgyz agriculture. Pasture is an important natural resource for trans-human husbandry. However, degradation of pasture is a serious problem for livestock breeders due to overgrazing and the incorrect rotation of pasture land.  

The law "On Pastures", adopted in 2009, laid the foundations for the creation of Pasture User Associations in order to delegate rights on pasture governance to local communities, and to create incentives for the sustainable use of pastures. However, prevailing socio-economic conditions and the lack of knowledge amongst local people continue to provoke pasture degradation.

Our programme works closely with the local population and national line ministries contributing to the preservation and management of pasture ecosystems.

Together with our national and international partners, we seek solutions that will allow Pasture Users Associations to develop management plans for their land. These includes plans for the distribution of livestock on various pastures, pasture monitoring and infrastructure improvement. Our experts have provided regular follow-up advisory support to the Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation of the Kyrgyz Republic.

In order to improve the capacity of local communities concerning pasture management in five ail okmotys of the Naryn region, the Regional Programme, in cooperation with the NGO "CAMP Alatoo" implemented a pilot project on sustainable pasture management from 2008 to 2011. Five Pasture User Associations were supported in pasture use planning. This was conducted in accordance with their pasture carrying capacity. The improvement of pasture infrastructure was also a component in the framework of the project. Methods of raising the awareness of local populations have also been developed and adapted methods of monitoring pasture conditions have been presented.

In the frame of another project in the southern Kyrgyzstan, we are working in six forestry enterprises (Leskhozes)  and the forest reserve “Dashman”of Bazar-Korgon district. Mechanisms for joint pasture use planning which not only help to coordinate activities of  Pasture User Associations  and Leskhozes but also include approaches to reduce pressure on pasture, were developed and implemented here.

The project has also proposed a mechanism for conflict resolution between Leskhozes that have significant pasture areas within the State Forest Fund, and local Pasture Committees that lack pastures. This resulted in an agreement that was concluded between the State Agency on Environment Protection and Forestry and the Ministry of Agriculture and Amelioration on cooperation between Leskhozes and Pasture Committees. Now Leskhozes and Pasture Committees may enter into a one year contract, on the basis of which the pasture users can use the needed pasture territory of Leskhozes for livestock grazing.

This management approach will  contribute to a reduction of land degradation and improvement of the living standards of the local pasture users.

We encourage regional knowledge exchange and cooperation. In 2014, the Practitioners’ Conference on Advancement of Sustainable Pasture Management in Central Asia took place in Bishkek. The Conference was attended by high-level representatives of government agencies and departments, non-governmental organizations, scientific communities from all the Central Asian countries, China, Germany, Great Britain, Mongolia, Nigeria, Switzerland and the USA. One of the important result of the conference was the experience exchange, discussion of further action and documentation of best practices. Moreover, the Conference’s results, overview of the situation in Central Asian Countries, analysis, comments and recommendations were presented in the publication "Pasture Management in Central Asia".

In all fields of our activity we facilitate efforts of our partners to adapt new and existing action plans to climate change in Kyrgyzstan. In collaboration with them we elaborate and disseminate local approaches with focus on Ecosystem-based adaptation (EbA). For example, in multi-stakeholder processes vulnerability assessments are conducted and measures for adaptation to climate change are identified and integrated into pasture management.

We further support capacity development with regard to strengthening of policy and decision-makers at national level and advise other projects on climate change issues, acting as a regional „climate competence center“.