Contact person:

Mr. Paul Schumacher
Project Manager
tel.: +996 312 90 93 40

Forest plantation in the national park "Karakol". Meeting with the staff of Jets-Oguz leskhoz.
Biodiversity conservation through sustainable forest management

Partners: State Agency on Environment Protection and Forestry under the Government of the Kyrgyz Republic

Project period: 2016-2017

According to the classification of the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO), Central Asian states have a low percentage of forested land. Moreover, the remaining forests are mostly degraded or subject to intense logging activity. Deforestation of vast areas can aggravate the living conditions of people and wildlife to such an extent that the stability of the regional ecosystem becomes threatened. Thus, comprehensive protection, conservation and sustainable use of forest resources are crucial.

In Kyrgyzstan, the forests are located in mountain areas at altitudes from 700 to 3600 m above sea level, covering just 5.61% of the total country area. According to the Forest Code, all forest resources carry significant value and are therefore given protected status. However, adverse economic conditions and population growth put significant pressure on these natural resources. The importance of the forests for rural residents (for firewood and construction) increases annually, exacerbating the scale of illegal logging. Our programme provides assistance to the State Agency for Environmental Protection and Forestry of the Kyrgyz Republic in their reform of the forestry sector and the implementation of a new forest policy. This policy envisages a systemic consideration of the problems faced and the transition towards a more sustainable form of forest management.

With the support of the Regional Programme of GIZ, the World Bank and FAO the State Agency on Environment Protection and Forestry initiated the process of piloting institutional reform in 6 leskhozes. During the course of reform, the pilot leskhozes will test different approaches to sustainable forest management involving local communities. These approaches will form the basis of a new forestry sector reform concept.

The programme will also support the conservation of biodiversity in walnut-fruit forests in southern Kyrgyzstan in 5 Leskhozes 2 of which will be considered as contributing to the national process of piloting.

The launched process of piloting relates to the tenets of the St. Petersburg Declaration on forest law enforcement and forest management, to which Kyrgyzstan joined in 2005.

In all fields of our activity in the regional programme we facilitate efforts of our partners to adapt new and existing action plans to climate change in Central Asia. We elaborate and disseminate local approaches with focus on Ecosystem-based adaptation (EbA). For example, in multi-stakeholder processes vulnerability assessments are conducted and measures for adaptation to climate change are identified and integrated into forest management in Tajikistan as well as into joint forest and pasture management in Kyrgyzstan. Moreover, the programme is taking up actions in mitigation of climate change in the management of these natural resources in the region.

We further support capacity development with regard to strengthening of policy and decision-makers at national level and advise other projects on climate change issues, acting as a regional „climate competence center“.