Central Asia
Ibexes on th territory of hunting area 'Chakir-Corum-Trophy' in Kyrgyzstan. Spruce forest near the Issik-Kul Lake. Leskhoz Jety-Oguz.
Sustainable management of wildlife resources

Partners: Forestry Agency under the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan, Committee on Environmental Protection under the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan, Institute for Zoology and Parasitology and Pamir Biological Institute of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Tajikistan

Project start: 2009

The mountain ungulates of Tajikistan – wild sheep (Pamir Argali, Marco Polo sheep and Urial) and wild goats (Tajik Markhor and Asiatic Ibex) – as well as other wild animals are critical concerning biodiversity conservation and have significant roles to play regarding sustainable land use. However, due to inadequate management systems and a lack of incentives for their conservation these animals are often hunted illegally and unsustainably and have therefore largely disappeared from many areas.

In order to improve the livelihoods of local people, through income increases and providing incentives for biodiversity conservation, we support the introduction and implementation of methods of sustainable wildlife use in pilot areas. Distribution ranges and population numbers of mountain ungulate populations will therefore recover. Local people in pilot areas have been supported to form groups to which user rights on hunting grounds are assigned with the objective to attract international hunting guests. Management plans are developed together with the groups which regulate protection, monitoring and hunting and thus prevent the overuse of wild animal resources. Guidelines for the monitoring of mountain ungulate populations have been developed and annual surveys implemented. Monitoring is supported by a geo-database which assists appropriate planning of the surveys and which stores and analyses their results. A touristic unit which will manage international hunting tourism in cooperation with representatives of the German hunting sector is in development.

At the national level we support the improvement of an enabling legal framework. In summer 2014 a new hunting law was passed and the development of related laws and bylaws is on-going.

Regionally, we cooperate with partners from Kyrgyzstan and Kazakhstan. There is a permanent exchange of experiences and ideas between these countries. For example, thanks to a joint proposal of Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, with our support, appendix II of the Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals (CMS) was expanded to include Argali.

In all fields of our activity in the regional programme we facilitate efforts of our partners to adapt new and existing action plans to climate change in Tajikistan. We elaborate and disseminate local approaches with focus on Ecosystem-based adaptation (EbA). For example, in multi-stakeholder processes vulnerability assessments are conducted and measures for adaptation to climate change are identified and integrated into forest management in the country. Moreover, the programme is taking up actions in mitigation of climate change in the management of these natural resources in the region.

We further support capacity development with regard to strengthening of policy and decision-makers at national level and advise other projects on climate change issues, acting as a regional „climate competence center“.